The war on information

Ray Bradbury wrote a number of science fiction stories in which a totalitarian government attempted to forbid the preservation of literature and history. The government tried to maintain control over the population by restricting information available to that population, often by forbidding and burning books. In one of his stories, though, Bradbury imagined the government controlling citizens by using the opposite extreme. The government flooded the market with information, producing so much material that no one could receive it all and comprehend it all. Important matters were lost in the flood of information, and the citizens were unable to resist control from the government under that condition.

Contemporary society has, perhaps, reached the point that Bradbury envisioned. The ordinary laws of supply and demand—and not a malevolent government—have overwhelmed people of our time with information of every kind. We have at our fingertips news and history, medical information, the results of scientific research, access to all the fine arts, and many more sources of education and of entertainment.

People use this abundance and freedom in strange ways. Instead of viewing the plays of Shakespeare, or listening to the symphonies of Beethoven, or enjoying the artwork of the Italian Renaissance, the largest number of people has turned to scripted shows that are called, ironically, “Reality TV.” News about current events and about historic events is increasingly being presented in entertainment formats rather than researched documentaries. Satirical news has grown in popularity, in part because many people cannot discern the difference between satire and real news.

From the Baroque era into the twentieth century, modern philosophers assumed that information could be received objectively and communicated objectively. Postmodern thinkers assume that all research and all communication is biased. As a result, contemporary people choose among a variety of news media, selecting those that match the biases already formed within their minds. Some trust The New York Times, CNN, and MSNBC. Others prefer the Wall Street Journal, Fox News, and Breitbart. Each group accuses the others of trusting biased and distorted sources of information while failing to acknowledge that their own sources are also biased.

Some news stories are covered across the spectrum, although they are addressed and described differently in different places. Others are reported only by one side or only by the other. In controversial matters—for example, climate change—contrary studies are presented by different news sources as authoritative. Contrary reports also reveal mistakes or deliberate distortions in some studies, undermining the authority of the other side’s evidence for its position.

In the midst of all this contrary information, a growing segment of the population doubts everything that it hears as news. One day coffee is good for a person and red wine is dangerous; the next day red wine is beneficial but coffee should be avoided. Conspiracy theories prosper precisely because they seem more believable than the news that is being reported.

As to conspiracy theories, they began to flourish in the days of Watergate and because of revelations about conspiracies and crime within the White House and also in the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Watergate actually revealed how government conspiracies really work: they are subject to incompetent agents, selfishness of individuals, and a lack of trust within any organization. Human people are fallible; they will not succeed with conspiracies that require large-scale participation, continuing deception, or a possible reward for the first conspirator who tells the truth about what really happened.

The danger in our current condition, this war on information, is that people who believe nothing inevitably begin believing anything. Satirical news frequently is repeated as if it were reliable information. Pity the poor elected leader a few years ago who, on the floor of the state senate, called for regulation to ban or at least limit the use of a certain chemical because it was directly responsible for thousands of deaths each year. (The chemical was water.) Because truth sometimes is stranger than fiction, many strange fictions are accepted as truth.

Doubt any report that relies upon the assumption that all the people of a large group with one common characteristic are working together for a common goal. All politicians, all leaders of big business, all entertainers, all homosexuals, all Christians, all Muslims—none of these groups are united enough to be working together to try to control the world.

Doubt any report that depicts a large number of people keeping grand secrets. Doubt any report that describes some massive hidden technology that is behind some unexplained event. Doubt any report that claims that a hidden group of people (especially one that hides in public with web sites and scheduled meetings) is secretly running the world. Doubt any report that a widely witnessed event never happened but was faked by some group for nefarious purposes.

Fake news existed in ancient times and will continue to exist beyond our lifetimes. What used to be labeled “rumor” is now spread by technology that gives it an added layer of credibility. We can survive the war on information by using a little common sense, checking sources when possible, and remembering to think for ourselves rather than allowing others to do our thinking for us.

 

 

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13 thoughts on “The war on information

  1. Great thoughts! We definitely need more critical thinkers… but alas, history is littered with people who blindly accepted what was fed to them and were uninvested in seeking truth.

    Liked by 2 people

  2. This is a great post actually. An excellent observation on information-overload.
    I would only add to this that the “secret” to working through the mess is some level of “critical thinking”, in which problem solving is a componant. You might recall, the education system is supposed to be teaching our youngin’s these skills.
    I might suggest my three part series on just this… for extra credit reading…
    http://www.findingpoliticalsanity.com/index.php/using-your-head-over-emotion-or-how-to-not-sound-like-an-ignorati-idiot-part-1-critical-thinking/
    http://www.findingpoliticalsanity.com/index.php/using-your-head-over-emotion-or-how-to-not-sound-like-an-ignorati-idiot-part-2-critical-thinking/
    http://www.findingpoliticalsanity.com/index.php/using-your-head-over-emotion-or-how-to-not-sound-like-an-ignorati-idiot-part-3-media-literacy/

    I would not fear any plot, imaginary or otherwise, by some deep state to control our minds and/or lives through information overload. We just have to adapt to it. There is also one aspect I am not sure was covered here. While we can draw similarities to certain Orwellian and Bradburyian authoritarian government plots, there is the unique occurrence of an impetuous “newsmaker”; a person who by simply having power can constantly create news, real or contrived, to the point where the leader’s own distractions are replaced by another, thus diluting a public response.. and in effect forcing a new “normal” that previously was considered bizarre and out-of-line.

    We live in history, folks.

    Liked by 2 people

  3. Reblogged this on Citizen Tom and commented:
    How do we discern what is going on? Well, Salvageable offers some good suggestions, but there is no fail-safe solution. Sometimes we all make mistakes.

    You can fool all the people some of the time, and some of the people all the time, but you cannot fool all the people all the time. — Abraham Lincoln

    Do you want to be one of those people who gets fooled all the time? Then don’t even try to learn the truth, but please don’t vote. It won’t do you any good anyway.

    Liked by 2 people

    • I’m uncertain how much that is an indictment of our education system (and, more importantly, of our child-raising within the family) and how much it is the inevitable result of information overload. J.

      Liked by 1 person

      • Oh boy don’t get me started on our education system! I don’t want to sound like a conspiracy theorist but it almost seems as if there’s an educational agenda to get our kids to simply accept what they’re being told at face value – dissension and critical thinking seem to be discouraged as if independent thought were somehow dangerous. My kids went to private Christian school for the primary grades and then entered public school for their high school years, and I was appalled by how quickly they got sucked into group-think! If you’re shamed and ridiculed enough for your ideas, you’ll give them up rather easily, or at least that’s what I’ve observed. Easier to keep your mouth shut than to go around with a target on your back all the time. I can’t help but think it’s deliberate…

        Liked by 1 person

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